Agriculture in Akola

Cotton

Agriculture or Farming is the main occupation of the people in rural parts of the region. Cotton, Soyabean and Jowar (Sorghum) are the predominant crops grown in the district. Other important crops of the region are Wheat, Sunflower, Canola, Peanut, Bajra (Pearl Millet), Harbara (Chick Peas), Toor (Pigeon Peas), Ulad and Mung (Green Gram) etc.

      Most crops are totally dependent on the monsoon. Only 15% of Maharashtra's gross cropped area is irrigated, as against the national average of 32.9% in 1989-90. Vidarbha's Amravati division's (includes Akola District) share of gross cropped area under irrigation is a meagre 9%.

      Considered one of Maharashtra's least developed regions, Vidarbha has seen not only farmer's suicides but also malnutrition deaths in some tribal aremajor reason of recent suicide deaths of Farmers in the Akola region and other surrounding parts of Vidarbha, which has rang alarming bells in the Maharashtra State Government and Governemnet of India. Bharat Krishak Samaj, one of the leading organisation of farmers in India is very active in Akola region. It has played a crucial role in bringing up the voice of the common farmers of the Vidarbha region to the attention of the Indian Government. Vidarbha region has long been demanding a separate state, to support the Economy and Agriculture of this region; which has been neglected by the Maharashtra State Government in all sectors. Because of Government of India's intervention there has been announcements of government aid packages, but it has also failed to bring any change in the condition of the farmers of this region.

      Oil and Dal mills are becoming rampant in this region because of the crops taken. Textile mills are also increasing to support the cotton growing industry.